Europe since 1945


Spring 2005

Dr. Bernard Cook

Office: Bobet 427

Telephone: 2564


Office Hours:

MWF   10:30-11:15

MWF   12:30-1:15

MW   2:00-3:30

You are welcome to come by at other times as well.


This course will survey significant European political, diplomatic, social, and economic developments since 1945. Goals: The student will know, understand, and be able to explain and discuss these developments, will write a lucid and coherent assessment of The Walls Came Tumbling Down , and will write a well researched, well organized and grammatically correct research paper.


Required reading:


Wegs and Landrech, Europe since 1945

You will be given reading assignments from Wegs. You are expected to have read the assigned material by the day indicated and on the basis of this reading to be prepared to answer questions, to ask questions, and to discuss.


Walter LaFeber, America, Russia, and the Cold War. You will be given reading assignments from LaFeber. You are expected to have read the assigned material by the day indicated and on the basis of this reading to be prepared to answer questions, to ask questions, and to discuss.


Stokes, The Walls Came Tumbling Down. Read and write a two to three page typed reaction. No quotes longer than one line. Your assessment with enough specifics to indicate that you have read the book. Due March 31.


Gasll and de Waal , Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus. Write a three page assessment of the Chechnya issue. Due April 30.


Other Course Requirements:


I require and expect punctual attendance. After the third absence your final grade will be lowered six points for each additional unexcused (I determine the validity of the excuse) absence. The first three absences are counted whether excusable or not. I determine the validity of excuses. On the eighth absence (except for very exceptional circumstances, of which I will be the judge) you will receive an F for the course.


Students who arrive late disturb class. It is better to come late than to miss class, but I expect an explanation for late arrival. Late arrivals will be tolerated only in exceptional cases, and only one or two times. If you arrive after the role has been taken, you must offer your excuse after the class. If your excuse is acceptable to me, you will be counted present. If you miss the roll, it is your responsibility to let me know after class that you were present. If you do not let me know immediately after class, the absence registered by your name will not be removed. The third time that a student arrives after class has begun that student is required to come to my office to offer an explanation or that and any subsequent late arrival will be counted as absences.


Students may leave class only for extraordinary reasons and must offer an explanation after class or they will be counted absent.


Make-up will only be given for reasons which I regard as serious. A rescheduled test will be given only if you notify me within 24 hours of the test, stating the reason for your absence. If I regard your excuse to be legitimate, I will at that time schedule a time for the make-up. Make-up tests as a rule will be more difficult than the original test.


Paper :


A research paper is due on April 11. Anything less than eight pages or more than twelve pages will not be accepted. You are to submit your proposed title in written form to me for approval no later than February 14. A typed provisional bibliography [in proper bibliographical form--See department of History style sheet on the History Department web site if you are uncertain] and a description of what you intend to do [in a single paragraph] are to be submitted to me by March 2. These two sheets must be attached to the end of your completed paper. There will be penalties for failing to meet these deadlines. April 11 is a firm final deadline!


The paper must be typed, and neatly done. Penciled or penned-in corrections are completely unacceptable. I will not accept anything less than a finished product. Returned papers will be penalized. Proper academic form (including endnotes ) must be followed. A research paper requires reference notes for quotes, paraphrases, and perspectives and non-general information drawn from particular sources . Do not use the so called social-scientific mode of footnoting. (If you have any doubt about proper form consult the History Department Style Sheet, which is available to you on the History Department web site .) Correct spelling and grammar are expected. You will be graded on these as well as content and development. Do not use unattributed web sources. Some books and/or scholarly journals must be utilized or the paper will be regarded as unacceptable. The papers are to be lucid, coherent, well thought-out, and well developed. Plagiarism will result in an F on the paper and an F for the course. Any unattributed use of five words in sequence written by someone other than yourself constitutes plagiarism. Unattributed paraphrasing also constitutes plagiarism. You may be asked to bring your sources to my office.


It should not be necessary to state that a "research" paper without footnotes will receive an automatic F. Any paper based primarily on web sources (60 percent or more) will merit a very low grade. Apart from documents do not use anonomous web sources . These are unacceptable. If you have any questions about this consult with me. Books and/or scholarly journals must be utilized. There is a minimum of four or five sources. Textbooks and general encyclopedias do not count as sources. It is necessary to indicate the source of ideas, interpretations, and information beyond that found in an ordinary encyclopedia or survey textbook.


Tentative Schedule:




•    Introduction

12   Setting the scene.

14   Film. A two to three page typed reaction due January 19

17   Holiday.

19   Wegs/Landrech, ch. 1.

21   Read LaFeber, ch. 1. Read the "Yalta Agreement":

24   Read LaFeber, ch. 2, Wegs/Landrech, ch. 2, and Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech:

26   Read LaFeber, ch. 3 and Stephen Ambrose, "When the Americans Came Back to Europe,"

28   Wegs/Landrech, ch. 4 and two of these sections on the Marshall Plan: Marshall's announcement; Fears of Communist Domination; Communist Critique; Benefits to the U.S. Economy

31   Read LaFeber, chs. 4 and 5.


2   Read Wegs/Landrech, ch. 3.

4   Read Wegs/Landrech, chs. 7 and 11.

7   Holiday

9   Holiday

11   Holiday   

14   Read LaFeber, ch. 6 and 7. Submit paper title.

16   Wegs/Landrech, ch. 5.

18   Test

21   France   

23   Wegs/Landrech, ch. 5 continued.

25   Read Wegs/Landrech, ch. 6.

28   Read LaFeber, ch. 8


2   Continued. Submit typed provisional bibliography [in proper bibliographical form].

4   Wegs/Landrech, ch. 8. Read the “Common Provisions” of the Treaty on European Union:

7   Wegs/Landrech, chs. 9 and 10.

9   Wegs/Landrech, ch. 12

11   Wegs/Landrech, ch. 13.

14   Wegs/Landrech, ch. 14.

16   LaFeber, chs. 9 and 10.

18   Test

21   Holiday

23   Holiday

25   Holiday

28   Holiday

30   LaFeber, chs. 11 and 12. Read the Final Act of the Helsinki Accords:


1   LaFeber, ch. 13; Map of Europe

4   Stokes, The Walls Came Tumbling Down , due.

6   Stokes continued. Read documents 1 and 2 of the Documents of 1989:

8   Northern Ireland: Read “The Good Friday Agreement”:

11   Continued. Research Paper due.

13   The Collapse of Yugoslavia.

15   Croatia: Read 1.III and 1.IV of the Helsinki Accords:

18   Test

20   Film: A two to three page written [typed] reaction due April 23.

22   Film: A two to three page written [typed[ reaction due April 23.

23   Discussion.

25   Bosnia. Read Bosnia-Herzegovina:

27   Kosovo

30   Discussion of Chechnya. Chechnya paper due.


2   Wegs/Landrech, ch. 15;

4   Wegs/Landrech, ch. 16.



Exam:  Wednesday, May 11, 11:30 AM


Approximate value of work:


    Test 1.................................................15%

    Test 2.................................................20%


    Map of Europe…………………..5%

    Book Essays.............…...................15%

    Research Paper.................................15%

    Discussions and reaction paper..10%


Grading scale:













This is not a Common Curriculum Course.


Students with disabilities who wish to receive accommodations in this class should contact Disability Services at 865-2990 as soon as possible so that warranted accommodations can be implemented in a timely fashion. Disability Services are located in the Academic Enrichment Center, Monroe Hall 405.





  “ Plagiarism—the use of another person's ideas or wording without giving proper credit—results from the failure to document fully and accurately. Ideas and expressions of them are considered to belong to the individual who first puts them forward. Therefore, when you incorporate ideas or phrasing from any other author in your paper, whether you quote them directly or indirectly, you need to be honest and complete about indicating the source to avoid plagiarism. Whether intentional or unintentional, plagiarism can bring serious consequences, both academic, in the form of failure or expulsion, and legal, in the form of lawsuits. Plagiarism is a violation of the ethics of the academic community.”


William G. Campbell, Stephen V. Ballou, and Carole Slade, Form and Style: Thesis, Reports, Term Papers , 6 th Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1982), p. 52.


For more information on plagiarism and how to avoid it, go to :


Possible Paper Topics:


Yalta               Soviet De-spoilation of Germany

The Marshall Plan             The Truman Doctrine     

The Dayton Accords           Transnistria

Bosnia since the Dayton Accords         Northern League in Italy

The War Crimes Trials for the Former Yugoslavia     Nagorno-Karabakh

Roma/Sinti             The Hungarian Revolution

The Prague Spring           The Russian Crushing of Dubcek's Reforms

Poland in 1956             Gomulka

The Communization of Hungary, of Czechoslovakia, of Romania, of Bulgaria, of Yugoslavia,

or of Poland           Tyrolean Question

Finlandization             Konrad Adenauer

Economic Reform (?) in Russia         Politics in Russia since 1991

Boris Yeltsin             Vladimir Putin

Alcide De Gasperi           The Algerian War

France's Vietnam War           Charles De Gaulle

France in 1958             The Italian Election of 1948

Opus Dei             Vatican Bank Scandal

The Troubles in Northern Ireland         The Good Friday Accord

Terrorism in Italy             The Campaign against the Mafia in Italy

Issues of Divorce and Abortion in Italy/ in Ireland     John XXIII

The Role of the Catholic Church in . . .       The Occupation of Germany   

Social Conditions during the Occupation of Germany     Abkhazia

German Rearmament           NATO

The Green Movement in . . .         The Women's Movement in . . .

Propaganda Due             Operation Stay Behind (Gladio)

The Economy since 1989 in . . .         The Flemish Right       

Belgian Devolution           Rights of Linguistic Minorities

Neo-Nazis in Germany           Solidarity

European Attitudes concerning the Reunification of Germany   Kosovo

The Portuguese Revolution         Ethnic Cleansing

Spain under Franco           Velvet revolution

Swiss Banks and the Holocaust         Romanian “Revolution”

Macedonia             Nicolae Ceausescu

Romania since Ceausescu           Minorities in Ceausescu's Romania

The Greek Civil War           Turks and Greeks on Cyprus