PHILOSOPHY 206 - INTRODUCTION TO SYMBOLIC LOGIC
Instructor: Dr. Henry J. Folse, Jr. Office: Bobet 414
Office Hours: Tues. and Thurs 3:30-4:45; or by appointment Office Phone: 865-3940
Prerequisites: There are no absolute prerequisites in this course, but it is strongly advised that students have passed their introductory common curriculum requirements in philosophy (Phil 122) and math before taking this course. This is NOT a common curriculum course and does NOT normally count as credit towards the student's common curriculum requirement in philosophy. Philosophy majors and minors are required to take either this course or Phil 201: Practical Logic for their logic requirement.
Text: Irving M. Copi, Symbolic Logic, Fifth Edition (New York: Macmillan, 1979).
Course Website: For many classes there will be web pages to assist you in reading the assignments. All pages appear on the accompanying syllabus and are linked to the course website: http://www.loyno.edu/~folse/Phil206.html
Be sure to bookmark the site on your browser.
NOTE: The following information should answer all of your questions concerning attendance, assignments, grading, and exams. You may assume all of the policies stated on this sheet are in effect unless otherwise notified. Students are responsible for familiarizing themselves with these requirements. You may assume that your assignment is as indicated on the accompanying syllabus unless otherwise notified. After the first week of the semester, the instructor will NOT answer questions concerning matters covered on this hand-out.
Class Attendance: In order to do satisfactory work in this class it is imperative to attend class on a regular basis; however, attendance will not enter directly into computation of the final grade. Failure to attend class, or regular tardy attendance, will inevitably weaken the student's chances for performing well on exams, and thereby affect the final grade. Roll will be called only for the first few weeks of the semester to familiarize the instructor with the students. If you do have a good reason for missing class (e.g. serious illness), it is your responsibility to consult with the instructor to see to it that you know what was covered during the class you missed. It is expected that students will attend class punctually, however, if unforeseen circumstances make you late for class, you should still come late; half a class is better than no class at all.
Study Assignments: Each class will cover a specific study assignment in the Copi textbook, given on the accompanying syllabus together with the topic for that day's class. Failure to study carefully each day's assignment BEFORE coming to class will result in an inadequate comprehension of the material covered in that class. Carried to prolonged periods, failure to keep up with the assignments will reduce you to irremediable perplexity. DO NOT FALL BEHIND IN YOUR ASSIGNMENTS! If you fail to understand the material after careful study, come to class prepared with specific questions to ask at the beginning of class. If you miss class or fail to understand the material after the Instructor has gone over it in class, then you should consult the Instructor as soon as possible during office hours, or if that is not possible, by special appointment.
Homework Assignments: The core of this course is learning to use the techniques of symbolic logic in analyzing deductive arguments and in constructing proofs of their validity or invalidity. Homework assignments will consist of problems designed to teach the student those techniques. You will not understand these techniques adequately unless you use them in solving problems. Therefore working the homework problems will be the primary task of the student in this course. There is relatively little reading and no library work required. Homework assignments will be given each class. Problems must be prepared before the class in which the quiz or hour exam testing that material is to be given. Each quiz will be taken directly from the problems assigned in the homework. Problems on the exams and final will not be the same as, but will be similar to those assigned in the homework. Homework will not be handed in for a grade; however, students will be expected to be prepared to write their solutions to problems on the blackboard in class prior to reviewing that homework assignment. Virtually all assigned problems will be reviewed in class. It is suggested that students do all the assigned problems in a notebook designated for that purpose and that this notebook always be brought to class.
Class Discussion: The nature of symbolic logic is such that it does not easily lend itself to discussion as does the material of other philosophy courses. This course will consist mostly of lectures and demonstrations of formal proofs intermixed with question and answer exchanges between instructor and students. However, you should feel free to ask question any time perplexity strikes. The instructor cannot read the students' minds; other than your questions he has no way of knowing how well or poorly you understand the material being covered. Students who wait until exam time to inform the instructor of their lack of understanding, will have a poor chance of passing the exam.
DO NOT KEEP QUIET ABOUT WHAT YOU DO NOT UNDERSTAND
ASK QUESTIONS WHEN THE PARTICULAR PROBLEM YOU DO NOT UNDERSTAND IS BEING DISCUSSED IN CLASS.
Quizzes: Eight quizzes will be given throughout the semester on the dates indicated on the accompanying syllabus. Most quizzes will last only about 10 - 15 minutes and will be given at the end of the class session in which problems of the type given on the quiz have been reviewed. The problem(s) on the quiz will be taken directly from the homework assignment. Each quiz will be graded on a scale of 0 - 20; partial credit will be given where possible even though the final answer might not be correct. The best five quizzes will be added together and count as 1/6th your semester grade. NOTE: There will be no make-up quizzes. If you miss more than two quizzes you cannot get a perfect score for the quiz portion of your grade.
Examinations: There will be three "in class exams" lasting 75 minutes, each following a major section of the course. DATES FOR THE EXAMS ARE ON THE ACCOMPANYING SYLLABUS; MARK THEM ON YOUR CALENDAR AT ONCE! Each of the "in-class" exams will cover only the material covered in that section of the course immediately preceding the exam. Each exam will consist of problems of a similar nature to those assigned in the homework. Each exam counts for 1/6th of your semester grade.
Final Exam: There will be a final exam on the date specified by the University:
Thursday, December 16, 9:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m.
Students often need more than the scheduled two hours to complete an adequate comprehensive exam of this course; therefore, students will be allowed to work on the exam until 2:00 p.m. Check your schedule now and inform the Instructor if there is a conflict. The final will consist of two portions: 2/3rds will test the material covered since the previous hour exam; 1/3rd will cover in a general way all material since the beginning of the semester. The final exam will count for 1/3rd of your semester grade.
Grading: A: 100-90 B+: 89-87 B: 86-80 C+: 79-77 C: 76-70 D+: 69-67 D: 66-60 F:59-0
********** WARNING! **********
Missing Exams: Obviously a student should miss an exam only for an absolutely compelling reason. BEING UNPREPARED OR FORGETTING THE DATE OF AN EXAM IS NOT AN ACCEPTABLE REASON FOR MISSING AN EXAM. If you do find yourself unable to be in class for an exam, call the philosophy department AT ONCE (865-3940) and leave a message as to the reason you cannot make the exam. IN ORDER TO BE ELIGIBLE FOR A MAKE UP EXAM YOU MUST HAVE NOTIFIED THE INSTRUCTOR, VIA THE PHILOSOPHY DEPARTMENT, BY THE TIME AND DATE THE EXAM IS ADMINISTERED. FAILURE TO DO SO WILL MEAN THAT YOU WILL RECEIVE A NON-NEGOTIABLE ZERO FOR THE EXAM IN QUESTION!