|1.||Elizabeth the Queen|
|What were the chief problems that confronted Elizabeth when she ascended
the English throne? What were Elizabeth's chief intellectual characteristics?
How did Elizabeth take advantage of her "femininity"? In what sense
was being female a handicap that Elizabeth needed to overcome? Why
was the topic of the queen's marriage such a vital issue in both domestic
and foreign affairs? By what methods did Elizabeth achieve a degree
of national unity that was unique in the Europe of her time?
|2.||English Government Under Elizabeth|
|What was the central organ of rule next to the queen? What was
the function of the Court of Star Chamber? What was the principal
office of state within the Privy Council? Under Elizabeth, what was
the primary function of Parliament? How long did Elizabeth reign?
What was the keynote of Elizabeth's relations with Parliament? What
were the growing sources of Parliamentary discontent? What
was the role of patronage and why was it so important in "ruling"?
|3.||The Religious Settlement|
|Why had Mary Tudor not prevented the religious dilemma by disinheriting
Elizabeth? What were Elizabeth's religious views? What were
Elizabeth's chief concerns? Why did the Book of Common Pary issued
under Elizabeth contain so many ambiguities? On what assumptions
was the Elizabethan Settlement predicated? Which groups opposed the
settlement and why? What factors contributed to hardening the religious
intolerance toward Catholics?
|4.||Elizabethan Foreign Policy|
|What was the chief characteristics of Elizabeth's foreign policy?
What were her general goals and objectives? Why did Elizabeth become
involved in active miliary participation in the Netherlands by 1585?
|5.||Elizabeth and Mary Queen of Scots|
|What elements developed Mary Stuart's religious character? Why
was Elizabeth fearful of Mary's marriage to another European sovereign?
Why was Mary's marriage to Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, "disastrous"?
What miscalculation on her part forced Mary to seek refuge in England?
What was the fate of Mary Stuart?
|6.||Socio-Economic Activity and the Maritime Clash with Spain|
|How as Elizabethan society arranged and how did it differ from the
rest of Europe? What was the general economic situation in the Elizabethan
Age? How did the Elizabethan government attempt to solve the government's
dilemma of low revenues and high expenses? What additional measures
were adopted after the mid-1580s? During the early part of Elizabeth's
reign, England exported what item to which country? How did English
trade change during the second half of the sixteenth century? What
did the English seek in establishing a "northwest passage"? What
event opened the sea war between Spain and England?
|7.||England and the Spanish Armada|
|What factors finally convinced Philip II to launch the Spanish Armada?
What finally prompted Philip II to take action? How did the English
fleet compare to the Spanish? How were they different? What
events, tactics led to the Spanish defeat? What was the purpose
and fate of the "English Armada"? What was the state of sea war between
England and Spain by the turn of the century?
|8.||The Elizabethan Age|
|What was the sources of the English Renaissance, and which was most
important? What qualities characterized Elizabethan literature?
What reasons did Sir Walter Raleigh give for writing and studying history?
How did the development of English literature compare with that of Spain
and France? What were the crowning glories of the Elizabethan Age?
What theme generally anchored the poetry of women during this period?
What dramatic form did George Peel, Robert Greene, and Thomas Kyd create
during the 1570s and 1580s? What contributions did Christopher Marlowe
(1564-93) and William Shakespeare (1564-1616) make to English drama?
|Sir William Cecil, Lord Burghley|
|Sir Robert Dudley|
|the Babington Plot of 1586|
|Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601|
|Sir Francis Drake|
|Duke of Medina Sidonia|
|Sir Edmund Spenser (1552-99)|