Worksheet 10:   Jensen, Ch. 9  England Under Elizabeth I

Essential Question: What were the chief features and successes of the Elizabethan Age?

1. Elizabeth the Queen
What were the chief problems that confronted Elizabeth when she ascended the English throne?  What were Elizabeth's chief intellectual characteristics?  How did Elizabeth take advantage of her "femininity"?  In what sense was being female a handicap that Elizabeth needed to overcome?  Why was the topic of the queen's marriage such a vital issue in both domestic and foreign affairs?  By what methods did Elizabeth achieve a degree of national unity that was unique in the Europe of her time?


2. English Government Under Elizabeth
What was the central organ of rule next to the queen?  What was the function of the Court of Star Chamber?  What was the principal office of state within the Privy Council?  Under Elizabeth, what was the primary function of Parliament?  How long did Elizabeth reign?  What was the keynote of Elizabeth's relations with Parliament?  What were the growing sources of Parliamentary discontent?   What was the role of patronage and why was it so important in "ruling"? 


3. The Religious Settlement
Why had Mary Tudor not prevented the religious dilemma by disinheriting Elizabeth?  What were Elizabeth's religious views?  What were Elizabeth's chief concerns?  Why did the Book of Common Pary issued under Elizabeth contain so many ambiguities?  On what assumptions was the Elizabethan Settlement predicated?  Which groups opposed the settlement and why?  What factors contributed to hardening the religious intolerance toward Catholics? 


4. Elizabethan Foreign Policy
What was the chief characteristics of Elizabeth's foreign policy?  What were her general goals and objectives?  Why did Elizabeth become involved in active miliary participation in the Netherlands by 1585? 


5. Elizabeth and Mary Queen of Scots
What elements developed Mary Stuart's religious character?  Why was Elizabeth fearful of Mary's marriage to another European sovereign?  Why was Mary's marriage to Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, "disastrous"?  What miscalculation on her part forced Mary to seek refuge in England?  What was the fate of Mary Stuart? 


6. Socio-Economic Activity and the Maritime Clash with Spain
How as Elizabethan society arranged and how did it differ from the rest of Europe?  What was the general economic situation in the Elizabethan Age?  How did the Elizabethan government attempt to solve the government's dilemma of low revenues and high expenses?  What additional measures were adopted after the mid-1580s?  During the early part of Elizabeth's reign, England exported what item to which country?  How did English trade change during the second half of the sixteenth century?  What did the English seek in establishing a "northwest passage"?  What event opened the sea war between Spain and England?


7. England and the Spanish Armada
What factors finally convinced Philip II to launch the Spanish Armada?  What finally prompted Philip II to take action?  How did the English fleet compare to the Spanish?  How were they different?  What events, tactics led to the Spanish defeat?   What was the purpose and fate of the "English Armada"?  What was the state of sea war between England and Spain by the turn of the century? 


8. The Elizabethan Age
What was the sources of the English Renaissance, and which was most important?  What qualities characterized Elizabethan literature?  What reasons did Sir Walter Raleigh give for writing and studying history?  How did the development of English literature compare with that of Spain and France?  What were the crowning glories of the Elizabethan Age?  What theme generally anchored the poetry of women during this period?  What dramatic form did George Peel, Robert Greene, and Thomas Kyd create during the 1570s and 1580s? What contributions did Christopher Marlowe (1564-93) and William Shakespeare (1564-1616) make to English drama?  


Virgin Queen
Thirty-nine Articles
Sir William Cecil, Lord Burghley
Sir Robert Dudley
the Babington Plot of 1586
Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601
Enclosure Movement
Sir Francis Drake
Duke of Medina Sidonia
Sir Edmund Spenser (1552-99)
John Dowland