|1.||Princes, Parliaments, and Rebellious Subjects|
|On what concept was the belief of absolute monarchy based? What
practical limitations were there to the king's absolute power? Why
had parliaments been originally established in the Middle Ages? How
had the function of the Parliaments changed by the sixteenth century?
What prompted the rash of rebellions between the 1580s and the 1650s?
How did the rulers attempt to respond? What were the advantages and
disadvantages of selling state offices?
|2.||International Relations and Diplomacy|
|What factors contributed to the development of the theory and practice
of international relations? Why were permanent embassies being established
throughout Europe? What types of considerations motivated the rulers
during this period?
|3.||Richelieu and the Revival of France|
|What event renewed the contest for power in France after 1610?
What were the weaknesses and virtues of Marie de' Medici? What
was the prime objectives of Richelieu's policy? How did Richelieu
attempt to break the power of the nobles? Why did Richelieu build
a new navy? What military "strikes" did Richelieu undertake to weaken
|4.||Mazarin and the Fronde|
|Why was Cardinal Mazarin fail to win the popularity of Cardinal Richelieu?
What prompted the Fronde? How did it end? What gave
rise to the Fronde de la noblesse and how did it end? What
was the position of France and its monarchy by the death of Mazarin in
|5.||English Absolutism and Overseas Expansion|
|Whose son was James I of England? What problems greeted James
I on his accession to the throne of England? How were religious dissenters,
especially Calvinists and Catholics disappointed by James I? What
was the goal of James foreign policy? How was peace with Spain received
by the majority of the English? How did James I hope to "contain"
the Spanish and why was he finally forced to intervene in European affairs
with military force? Why were the American colonies first established
and how successful were they? What legacy did the Mayflower Compact
colonies plant? Where was agricultural wealth first and most dramatically
produced by the English American colonies?
|6.||Charles I and the Parliamentary Revolt|
|What foreign problems awaited Charles I as a new king? What were
the issues that divided king and Parliament? What were more and more
of the middle class becoming hostile to the crown? What brought the
contest between king and Parliament of the point of crisis by 1640?
|7.||Civil War and Revolution|
|Who were the main supporters of the royalist side? Who supported
Parliament? What was the general attitude of the majority of English
toward the civil war? What advantage did the Parliamentary forces
possess? What was Oliver Cromwell's background? How did Cromwell
come "to power" in England? What was the fate of the king?
With the support of the military, which branch of Parliament ruled England
during the Commonwealth? What was the position of the "Levellers"?
What was the basis of Cromwell's power during the Protectorate? Briefly
assess the place of Oliver Cromwell in history? How was the monarchy
changed after the death of Cromwell?
|8.||The United Netherlands|
|What three nations were Atlantic powers in the early seventeenth century?
In what sense, was the Dutch revolution against the Spanish a conservative
revolution? What type of state resulted from the years of revolt?
What was the main tenets of the Arminians/Remonstrants? What was
the result of the Synod of Dort? What role did politics play?
What prevented Frederick Henry of Orange from unifying the Netherlands
under his centralizing rule? With what product did Dutch wealth begin?
What factors favored the growth of Dutch economic and commercial power?
Which European power did the Dutch largely replace in the Far East and
Java? What "structure" did the Dutch use to consolidate their power
in Asia and the Americas? What elements "united" the Dutch nation?
|Battle of Marston Moor (1644)|